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  • : 05-636-KC
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  • : Please refer to the Certificate of Analysis for the lot-specific concentration.
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Anti-Phos-Hist H2A.X (SX39) (KC)

Species Reactivity Key Applications Host Format Antibody Type
Vrt ICC, IF, WB, ChIP Mouse Purified Monoclonal Antibody
Description:
Anti-Phos-Hist H2A.X (SX39) (KC)
Promotional Text:
Trade Name:
Upstate (Millipore)
Product Overview:
This product is intended for use by IVD manufacturers.
Contact customer service for assistance: oem.reagents@merckgroup.com
Specificity:
Recognizes Histone H2A.X phosphorylated at Ser139.
Molecular Weight:
17 kDa
Immunogen:
peptide (C-KATQA[pS]QEY) corresponding to amino acids 134-142 of human histone H2A.X
Modifications:
Phosphorylation
Clone:
JBW301
Isotype:
Background Information:
Histone H2A is one of the 5 main histone proteins involved in the structure of chromatin in eukaryotic cells. Featuring a main globular domain and a long N terminal tail H2A is involved with the structure of the nucleosomes of the 'beads on a string' structure.
Species Reactivity:
Vertebrates
Application Notes:
Additional Referenced Applications:
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, see Meier, Andreas, et al. EMBO J., 26: 2707-18 (2007) in technical information tab.
Control:
UV-treated 293 cell extracts, UV-treated HeLa cell extracts or breast cancer tissue
Quality Assurance:
Immunoblot Analysis: 0.05-1 μg/ml of this antibody detected phosphorylated histone H2A.X (Ser139) in acid extracted histone lysates from Jurkat cells treated with 0.5 μM staurosporine (Catalog # 19-123).
Immunocytochemistry: 2 μg/ml of this antibody detected phosphorylated histone H2A.X in HeLa cells treated with 0.5 μM staurosporine for 4-6 hours.
Purification Method:
Protein G purfied
Presentation:
Immunoaffinity Purified immunoglobulin in 0.1M Tris-Glycine,pH 7.4, 0.15M NaCl, 0.05% sodium azide as a preservative.
Storage Conditions:
Maintain for 1 year at 2 to 8°C from date of shipment. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial prior to removing the cap.
UniProt Number:
Entrez Gene Number:
Gene Symbol:
  • H2AFX
  • H2AX
  • H2a/x
  • H2A/X
  • H2A.X
Alternate Names:
  • H2AXS139P
  • Histone H2A.X (phospho S139)
Usage Statement:
Minimum order quantity required to qualify. Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.
Key Applications:
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Immunofluorescence
  • Western Blotting
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP)
Entrez Gene Summary:
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene encodes a member of the histone H2A family, and generates two transcripts through the use of the conserved stem-loop termination motif, and the polyA addition motif.
UniProt Summary:
FUNCTION: SwissProt: P16104 # Variant histone H2A which replaces conventional H2A in a subset of nucleosomes. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. Required for checkpoint-mediated arrest of cell cycle progression in response to low doses of ionizing radiation and for efficient repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) specifically when modified by C- terminal phosphorylation.
SIZE: 143 amino acids; 15145 Da
SUBUNIT: The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA. Interacts with numerous proteins required for DNA damage signaling and repair when phosphorylated on Ser-140. These include MDC1, TP53BP1, BRCA1 and the MRN complex, composed of MRE11A, RAD50, and NBN. Interaction with the MRN complex is mediated at least in part by NBN. Also interacts with DHX9/NDHII when phosphorylated on Ser-140.
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus.DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Synthesized in G1 as well as in S-phase.
DOMAIN: SwissProt: P16104 The [ST]-Q motif constitutes a recognition sequence for kinases from the PI3/PI4-kinase family.
PTM: Phosphorylated on Ser-140 (to form gamma-H2AFX) in response to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) generated by exogenous genotoxic agents and by stalled replication forks, and may also occur during meiotic recombination events and immunoglobulin class switching in lymphocytes. Phosphorylation can extend up to several thousand nucleosomes from the actual site of the DSB and may mark the surrounding chromatin for recruitment of proteins required for DNA damage signaling and repair. Widespread phosphorylation may also serve to amplify the damage signal or aid repair of persistent lesions. Phosphorylation of Ser-140 in response to ionizing radiation is mediated by both ATM and PRKDC while defects in DNA replication induce Ser-140 phosphorylation subsequent to activation of ATR and PRKDC. Dephosphorylation of Ser-140 by PP2A is required for DNA DSB repair. In meiosis, Ser-140 phosphorylation may occur at synaptonemal complexes during leptotene as an ATM-dependent response to the formation of programmed DSBs by SPO11. Ser-140 phosphorylation may subsequently occurs at unsynapsed regions of both autosomes and the XY bivalent during zygotene, downstream of ATR and BRCA1 activation. Ser-140 phosphorylation may also be required for transcriptional repression of unsynapsed chromatin and meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI), whereby the X and Y chromosomes condense in pachytene to form the heterochromatic XY-body. During immunoglobulin class switch recombination in lymphocytes, Ser-140 phosphorylation may occur at sites of DNA-recombination subsequent to activation of the activation-induced cytidine deaminase AICDA. & Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 by RING1 and RNF2/RING2 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression (By similarity).
SIMILARITY: Belongs to the histone H2A family.
Brand Family:
Upstate
Product Name:
Anti-Phos-Hist H2A.X (SX39) (KC)
Concentration:
Please refer to the Certificate of Analysis for the lot-specific concentration.
Antibody Type:
Monoclonal Antibody
Qty/Pk:
Bulk Vialing size: Please inquire.
Format:
Purified
Host:
Mouse

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