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  • : CC1100
  • : 10 mg

GM6001 MMP Inhibitor Powder

Description:
GM6001 MMP Inhibitor Powder
Trade Name:
Chemicon (Millipore)
Qty/Pk:
10 mg
Product Overview:
specificity:GM6001 MMP inhibitor, also known as Ilomastat or N-[(2R)-2-(hydroxamidocarbonylmethyl)-4-methylpentanoyl]-L-tryptophan methylamide, is a potent inhibitor of collagenases. Molecular weight: 388.47

Reported Ki values are as follows (see Galardy Ref):

Human MMP-1 (Fibroblast collagenase): 0.4 nM

Human MMP-3 (Stromelysin): 27 nM

Human MMP-2 (72 kDa gelatinase): 0.5 nM

Human MMP-8 (Neutrophil collagenase): 0.1 nM

Human MMP-9 (92 kDa gelatinase): 0.2 nM

Typical working dilution for use in cultured cells is 10-25 μM. {1mg/ml solution in DMSO equals 2.57 mM}. GM6001 will precipitate from aqueous solutions exceeding 100μM. Aqueous dilutions should be performed using low salt buffers to prevent precipitation of GM6001 from solution (Recommended dilution buffer: 50 mM Tris pH7.5, 150 mM NaCl, and 20 mM CaCl2.2H20). It is recommended that the concentration of GM6001 in aqueous working solutions is determined upon dilution and confirmed prior to each use. Additional Application information:
Use in vivo
Typical dosage for GM6001 in animals is 50-100mg/kg body weight. It is generally administered IP every day or every other day. It is thought to cross the blood brain barrier since studies have shown it effectiveness in MS models.

If delivered by I.V. the half life in an animal is approximate an hour so it will have to be administered quite often. Thus the preferred way is to deliver the drug by I.P as a suspension in water or saline. The half life does not change but because it is dissolving in the animal's system slowly, administration is not done as frequently. It has to be redelivered every other day or so. It can also be delivered subcutaneously in a saline suspension. The drug will precipitate as stay as a mass within the tissue, but surprisingly enough does get into the animal system to be effective.

Solubility
Soluble up to at least 400 mg/mL in DMSO. It can then be diluted in water and must be mixed very quickly to avoid precipitation.

Stability
At a concentration of 1mM (0.1mM is preferred), GM6001 decomposes at the rate of 1% per month at 4°C. At 37°C this increases to 1% per day. At -20°C it is quite stable, and as a solid very highly stable
Low salt buffers are recommended as diluents to reduce precipitation. Diluted solutions should never be frozen.

Concentration of the stock solution should be periodically determined by absorbance at 280 nm.
Applications:
The GM6001 MMP Inhibitor Powder controls the biological activity of MMP. This small molecule/inhibitor is primarily used for Biochemicals applications.
Key Applications:
Inhibits Activity/Function
Usage Statement:
Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.
Entrez Gene Summary:
Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMP's are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. However, the enzyme encoded by this gene is stored in secondary granules within neutrophils and is activated by autolytic cleavage. Its function is degradation of type I, II and III collagens. The gene is part of a cluster of MMP genes which localize to chromosome 11q22.3.
UniProt Summary:
FUNCTION: SwissProt: P22894 # Can degrade fibrillar type I, II, and III collagens.
COFACTOR: Binds 3 calcium ions per subunit. & Binds 2 zinc ions per subunit.
SIZE: 467 amino acids; 53412 Da
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasmic granule. Note=Stored in intracellular granules.
TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Neutrophils.
DOMAIN: SwissProt: P22894 The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.
SIMILARITY: Belongs to the peptidase M10A family. & Contains 4 hemopexin-like domains.
Brand Family:
Chemicon
Presentation:
Lyophilized, reconstitute in DMSO (1-5 mg/ml). Other organic solvents (ethanol) have also been used (Galardy et al., 1994).
Storage Conditions:
Maintain lyophilized form at 2-8º C for up to one year from date of receipt. If reconstitution is in DMSO, material is soluble to at least 400 mg/mL and storage is recommended in usable aliquots at -20 º C. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. If reconstituting in aqueous solution, store short term in undiluted aliquots at 2-8º C. See stability information for further detail.
Gene Symbol:
  • MMP1
  • CLG
  • MMP-1
  • CLGN
  • EC 3.4.24.7 [Contains: 22 kDa interstitial collagenase
  • 27 kDa interstitial collagenase].
Product Name:
GM6001 MMP Inhibitor Powder
UniProt Number:
Entrez Gene Number:
Purity:
>95% pure by HPLC; some batches can be brown when hydrated; brown color does not influence inhibition ability; in solution GM6001 ranges from clear to brown.

Product Resources

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