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Millipore Technical Publications


Ready-to-Assay™ M2 Acetylcholine (Muscarinic) Family Receptor Frozen Cells

CATALOG NUMBER: HTS115RTA

Lit No:HTS115RTA
Year:2012


Millipore’s Ready-to-Assay GPCR frozen cells are designed for simple, rapid calcium assays with no requirement for intensive cell culturing. Millipore has optimized the freezing conditions to provide cells with high viability and functionality post-thaw. The user simply thaws the cells and resuspends them in media, dispenses cell suspension into assay plates and, following over night recovery, assays for calcium response.

The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) family consists of five GPCRs that mediate some of the neurotransmission functions of acetylcholine in the CNS and the periphery. The M1, M3 and M5 receptors couple to Gq to mobilize intracellular calcium, whereas the M2 and M4 receptors couple to Gi/o to inhibit cAMP production (Caulfield and Birdsall, 1998). In urinary bladder trachea and stomach, M2 augments the function of M3 in promoting contractility, and activation of M2 serves to counteract relaxation induced by increased cAMP levels (Ehlert et al., 2005; Wess, 2004). In addition, the ability of mChR agonists to decrease heart rate appears to be mediated primarily by M2. Agonists of mAChRs induce tremor, hypothermia, corticosterone release, and analgesia; each of these functions is mediated at least in part by M2 (Wess, 2004). Millipore’s cloned human M2 -expressing cell line is made in the Chem-1 host, which supports high levels of recombinant M2 expression on the cell surface for functional detection via the calcium signaling pathway. Thus, the cell line is an ideal tool for screening for agonists, antagonists and modulators at M2.

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